Annual inflation rate rises to 5.1 per cent in January on broad price increases

Bank of Canada (Photo: d.neuman from Ottawa, Canada via Wikimedia Commons)

OTTAWA – The annual pace of inflation has topped five per cent for the first time in more than 30 years.

The annual inflation rate rose to 5.1 per cent in January compared with a gain of 4.8 per cent in December, Statistics Canada reported Wednesday.

Source: Statistics Canada

Driving much of the increase in January were prices for housing, gasoline and groceries.

Gasoline prices were up 31.7 per cent last month compared with January 2021, with the backdrop of mounting concerns over global oil supplies linked to the threat of Russian military action against Ukraine.

Excluding gasoline prices, Statistics Canada says the annual rate of inflation would have been 4.3 per cent in January, which the agency notes is the fastest pace it has on record.

Source: Statistics Canada

Prices for groceries increased year-over-year by 6.5 per cent for the largest yearly increase since May 2009. The agency notes that prices for beef, chicken and fish all rose faster in January compared with December, while margarine and condiments were up by double-digits compared with January 2021.

Statistics Canada says higher shipping costs linked to global supply chain issues drove up the cost of food.

Shelter prices rose 6.2 per cent year-over-year, the fastest pace since February 1990, driven by higher prices for new homes as well as rent increases.

Source: Statistics Canada

Royce Mendes, managing director and head of macro strategy at Desjardins, said inflation is set to accelerate even further with energy prices continuing to rise.

The inflation report this morning comes exactly two weeks ahead of the Bank of Canada’s next scheduled interest rate announcement.

The central bank has kept its key policy rate at 0.25 per cent since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, but recently dropped its promise to hold the rate at emergency levels.

The bank is widely expected to raise rates as part of the March announcement in what’s likely the first of several hikes over the course of the year designed to cool inflation.

Source: Statistics Canada

The average of the three measures for core inflation, which are considered better gauges of underlying price pressures and closely tracked by the Bank of Canada, was 3.2 per cent for January, up from the 2.93 per cent reported in December.

Statistics Canada says that was the fastest pace recorded since August 1991.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Feb. 16, 2022.

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